Our Duty towards Our Beloved ﷺ


In my welcoming remarks at this year’s ISNA Canada Annual Convention entitled “My Prophet, My Beloved: Know him, Love him, Follow him,” I quoted a specific verse in the Quran that clearly mentions our main duty towards our Prophet ﷺ:

Chapter 7: Verse 157

Those who follow the Messenger, the unlettered prophet, whom they find written in what they have of the Torah and the Gospel, who enjoins upon them what is right and forbids them what is wrong and makes lawful for them the good things and prohibits for them the evil and relieves them of their burden and the shackles which were upon them. So they who have believed in him, honored him, supported him and followed the light which was sent down with him – it is those who will be the successful.

This piece will elaborate on what the above verse really means.  I have highlighted 15 points, supported by Quranic verses that lay out our duties towards the Prophet ﷺ, as mentioned by Allah ﷻ:

1)   Believing that the Prophet ﷺ is a Messenger and a Prophet of Allah ﷻ:

Chapter 2: Verse 252

These are the verses of Allah which We recite to you, [O Muhammad], in truth. And indeed, you are from among the messengers.

Chapter 7: Verse 158

Say, [O Muhammad], “O mankind, indeed I am the Messenger of Allah to you all, [from Him] to whom belongs the dominion of the heavens and the earth. There is no deity except Him; He gives life and causes death.” So believe in Allah and His Messenger, the unlettered prophet, who believes in Allah and His words, and follow him that you may be guided.

Chapter 57: Verse 7

Believe in Allah and His Messenger and spend out of that in which He has made you successors. For those who have believed among you and spent, there will be a great reward.

Chapter 48: Verse 28

It is He who sent His Messenger with guidance and the religion of truth to manifest it over all religion. And sufficient is Allah as Witness.

In fact, the Prophet Muhammad ﷺ is a witness over all human beings with respect to their relationship with their Creator, as Allah ﷻ described him as a carrier glad-tidings, as well as a warner:

Chapter 33: Verses 45 and 46

45) O Prophet, indeed We have sent you as a witness and a bringer of good tidings and a warner.

46) And one who invites to Allah, by His permission, and an illuminating lamp.

Chapter 47: Verse 2

And those who believe and do righteous deeds and believe in what has been sent down upon Muhammad – and it is the truth from their Lord – He will remove from them their misdeeds and amend their condition.

2)   The Prophet Muhammad ﷺ delivered the message that Allah ﷻ entrusted to him, and fulfilled the divine duties prescribed upon him by Allah ﷻ.  We should believe that our beloved Prophet Muhammad ﷺ sacrificed his life for the sake of Allah ﷻ, and left us with the purest of faith and the best of guidance.

3)   We are obliged to respond to the Prophet ﷺ whenever he calls upon us.  Each time Allah ﷻ says “Oh you who believe […],” we must obey the command that follows:

Chapter 8: Verse 24

O you who have believed, respond to Allah and to the Messenger when he calls you to that which gives you life. And know that Allah intervenes between a man and his heart and that to Him you will be gathered.

4)   One of our primary duties is to obey the Prophet ﷺ as a Messenger of Allah ﷻ in all the commands that Allah ﷻ sent down with him:

Chapter 3: Verse 132

And obey Allah and the Messenger that you may obtain mercy.

Chapter 4: Verse 80

He who obeys the Messenger has obeyed Allah; but those who turn away – We have not sent you over them as a guardian.

For instance, in Chapter 47, Verse 33, Allah ﷻ clearly says that disobedience to the Prophet ﷺ will render all our deeds null and void [an affirmation of this is in Chapter 4, Verse 80 (above)].

Chapter 47: Verse 33

O you who have believed, obey Allah and obey the Messenger and do not invalidate your deeds.

5)   We must accept any judgement of the Prophet ﷺ without hesitation or embarrassment:

Chapter 4: Verse 65

But no, by your Lord, they will not [truly] believe until they make you, [O Muhammad], judge concerning that over which they dispute among themselves and then find within themselves no discomfort from what you have judged and submit in [full, willing] submission.

Chapter 24: Verses 47-50

47) But the hypocrites say, “We have believed in Allah and in the Messenger, and we obey”; then a party of them turns away after that. And those are not believers.

48) And when they are called to [the words of] Allah and His Messenger to judge between them, at once a party of them turns aside [in refusal].

49) But if the right is theirs, they come to him in prompt obedience.

50) Is there disease in their hearts? Or have they doubted? Or do they fear that Allah will be unjust to them, or His Messenger? Rather, it is they who are the wrongdoers.

6)   More importantly, if the Prophet ﷺ chooses something for us, male or female, we should accept it without hesitation.  There should be no other choice other than that of the Prophet ﷺ, and this is clearly stated in the following verse:

Chapter 33: Verse 36

It is not for a believing man or a believing woman, when Allah and His Messenger have decided a matter, that they should [thereafter] have any choice about their affair. And whoever disobeys Allah and His Messenger has certainly strayed into clear error.

7)   That we should not place ourselves before the Prophet ﷺ, nor should we put our voices or opinions above him ﷺ:

Chapter 49: Verses 1-2

1)    O you who have believed, do not put [yourselves] before Allah and His Messenger but fear Allah. Indeed, Allah is Hearing and Knowing.

2)    O you who have believed, do not raise your voices above the voice of the Prophet or be loud to him in speech like the loudness of some of you to others, lest your deeds become worthless while you perceive not.

8)   That we follow his commands without hesitation:

Chapter 7: Verse 157

Those who follow the Messenger, the unlettered prophet, whom they find written in what they have of the Torah and the Gospel, who enjoins upon them what is right and forbids them what is wrong and makes lawful for them the good things and prohibits for them the evil and relieves them of their burden and the shackles which were upon them. So they who have believed in him, honored him, supported him and followed the light which was sent down with him – it is those who will be the successful.

9)   The only role model for a true believer should be the Prophet ﷺ:

Chapter 33: Verse 21

There has certainly been for you in the Messenger of Allah an excellent pattern for anyone whose hope is in Allah and the Last Day and [who] remembers Allah often.

In fact, Allah ﷻ, in Chapter 68, Verse 4 said that the Prophet ﷺ is the closest to perfection that has been and will ever be created. He is the best of creation with the best of akhlaq (manners):

Chapter 68: Verse 4

And indeed, you are of a great moral character.

10)        Our love for the Prophet ﷺ should be above all other loves, including the love of our parents, spouse, children, siblings, next of kith and kin (relatives), as well as for wealth, dwellings, credentials – everything:

Chapter 9: Verse 24

Say, [O Muhammad], “If your fathers, your sons, your brothers, your wives, your relatives, wealth which you have obtained, commerce wherein you fear decline, and dwellings with which you are pleased are more beloved to you than Allah and His Messenger and jihad in His cause, then wait until Allah executes His command. And Allah does not guide the defiantly disobedient people.”

The Prophet ﷺ himself replied to Umar ibn Al-Khattab (RA), when Umar said to him, “I love you, oh Messenger of Allah, more than anything except myself.”  The Prophet ﷺ replied, “Oh Umar, that is not enough.  None of you truly believes in Allah [ﷻ] if I don’t become dearer to him or her than his children, parents, and all human beings.”

11)        That whenever we hear the name of the Prophet ﷺ, we should send our peace and blessings upon him.  To further emphasize this point, Allah ﷻ Himself and His angels send their peace and blessings upon the Prophet ﷺ.  In fact, Allah ﷻ has commanded us to do so in the following verse:

Chapter 33: Verse 56

Indeed, Allah confers blessing upon the Prophet, and His angels [ask Him to do so]. O you who have believed, ask [Allah to confer] blessing upon him and ask [Allah to grant him] peace.

12)        That we do not in any way hurt, mock, disregard, or disrespect the Prophet ﷺ:

Chapter 4: Verse 115.

And whoever opposes the Messenger after guidance has become clear to him and follows other than the way of the believers – We will give him what he has taken and drive him into Hell, and evil it is as a destination.


We should never betray the Prophet ﷺ by attributing sayings or doings to him that he did not say or do:

Chapter 8: Verse 27

O you who have believed, do not betray Allah and the Messenger or betray your trusts while you know [the consequence].

Nor should we in anyway hurt the Prophet ﷺ by belittling him:

Chapter 9: Verse 61

And among them are those who abuse the Prophet and say, “He is an ear.” Say, “[It is] an ear of goodness for you that believes in Allah and believes the believers and [is] a mercy to those who believe among you.” And those who abuse the Messenger of Allah – for them is a painful punishment.

Chapter 9: Verse 63

Do they not know that whoever opposes Allah and His Messenger – that for him is the fire of Hell, wherein he will abide eternally? That is the great disgrace.

One important aspect of this, or in relation to it, is that we should respect and honor anything that the Prophet ﷺ did, said, or approved of, even if he didn’t command us to do it.  In Surat Al-Kawthar (Chapter 108), Allah ﷻ clearly states that anyone who mocks the Prophet ﷺ or looks down upon anything that the Prophet ﷺ said, did, or approved of doing, will be cut off from Allah’s ﷻ mercy.

Chapter 108: Verses 1-3

1)    Indeed, We have granted you, [O Muhammad], al-Kawthar.

2)    So pray to your Lord and sacrifice [to Him alone].

3)    Indeed, your enemy is the one cut off.

13)        That we should believe that the Prophet ﷺ is the final and the last prophet and last Messenger of Allah ﷻ; there is no prophet or messenger to come after him:

Chapter 33: Verse 40

Muhammad is not the father of [any] one of your men, but [he is] the Messenger of Allah and last of the prophets. And ever is Allah, of all things, Knowing.

14)        We should have respect  and honor for his family; his wives, daughters, children, etc.:


Chapter 42, Verse 23

It is that of which Allah gives good tidings to His servants who believe and do righteous deeds. Say, [O Muhammad], “I do not ask you for this message any payment [but] only good will through kinship.” And whoever commits a good deed – We will increase for him good therein. Indeed, Allah is Forgiving and Appreciative.


15)        Finally, that anyone who loves or claims to love Allah ﷻ has to follow the Prophet ﷺ in all the things listed above because following the Prophet ﷺ is actually an expression of love for Allah ﷻ:


Chapter 3: Verse 31

Say, [O Muhammad], “If you should love Allah, then follow me, [so] Allah will love you and forgive you your sins. And Allah is Forgiving and Merciful.”



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About ISNA Canada

ISNA Canada is an Islamic organization committed to the mission and movement of Islam: nurturing a way of life in the light of the guidance from the Qur’an and Sunnah for establishing a vibrant presence of Muslims in Canada. ISNA exists as a platform for all Muslims who share its mission and are dedicated to serving the needs of Muslims and Muslim communities.